Observation of the 2015 Zambian presidential by elections

In Transformative Justice 41 downloads

Zambia held its second presidential by-elections on 20th January 2015 this after the death of the incumbent President Michael Sata who had been elected in the 20th September 2011 tri-partite elections. This was the second presidential by-election as it was unfortunately the second time a sitting president had died in office. It was the seventh multi-party election since 1991. Before the country was a single-party state (from 1973-1991).


Observation of the 2014 South African National and provincial elections

In Transformative Justice 35 downloads


South Africa held its elections on 7th May 2014 which coincided with the 20th Anniversary of the advent of democracy in the country in 1994. The National and provincial elections are held every five years where South Africans aged 18 and over and who have registered as voters are entitled to vote. The 5th South Africa democratic elections were governed by the Constitution, Electoral Act, 73 of 1998, Electoral Commission Act, 51 of 1996, Public Funding of Represented Political Parties Act, 103 of 1997, Independent Broadcasting Authority Act, 153 of 1993. The Constitution[1] provides for the rights to vote as well as participate as a contestant, and freedom to make political choices, the use of the constitution to ascertain the qualifications of candidates and the assurance of the citizens of a free and fair elections is not then a noble objective in South Africa but a right and must be enforced by all means.


[1] The Constitution includes chapters on the Bill of Rights, co-operative government, parliament, the President and National Executive, provinces, local government, courts and justice, state institutions (including the Electoral Commission), public administration, security services, traditional leaders, finance and more general topics. See http://www.elections.org.za/content/Elections/Laws-and-Regulations-Electoral-Commission/

Botswana Elections Monitoring Report

In Transformative Justice 40 downloads

Botswana held its 11th democratic general elections for both the parliamentary and local government on 24th October 2014 since she gained independence in 1966. The main highlight of the elections was notably the increase of independent candidates as compared to the previous general elections.

Botswana first ever general elections were held in 1965 as the precursor to 1966 when the country gained its independence. Since independence Botswana has held ten general elections with the 2009 general elections being the most recent. Botswana electoral system is First-Past-the-Post (FPTP). Further, the Elections take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a parliamentary system.  To this end, the electorate only elects the Members of Parliament who in turn elect the president. This is contrary to presidential systems which are observed in countries such as Kenya where the electorate vote for the both the Member of Parliament and the president.

Observation of the 2014 Malawi tripartite elections

In Transformative Justice 42 downloads

On 20th May, 2014, Malawian voters turned out in huge numbers to participate in the first ever tripartite elections to elect a president, 193 members of parliament and 462 ward councillors awarding them the responsibility of governing their state affairs for the next five years.

Malawi electoral process is governed by the Constitution, the Electoral Commission Act, the Parliamentary & Presidential Act and the Local Government Elections Act. For the past 4 multi-party elections since the end of Hastings Banda one man rule in 1994, Malawians have been electing only the president and the members of parliament in a single election. However this was not the case for the 2014 general elections which saw voters electing the president, members of parliament and councillor concurrently. Such tripartite election was as a result of the amendment of the constitution in 2012 by parliament. In the same year Malawi Electoral Commission (MEC) was tasked by parliament to spearhead the harmonization of Electoral Laws to allow for the effective and efficient conduct of tripartite Elections.  

Statement on Promoting Long Term Elections Observation in the Region with a focus on Voter Registration

In Policy & Position Papers 56 downloads

Competitive and periodic elections are central to democracy and constitute a critical index of popular empowerment. They provide a mechanism of orderly political succession in a democracy, and very significantly too, serve to confer legitimacy on those who govern. Therefore, election observers can make a significant contribution in this process. Election observation increasingly looks at the entire electoral process over a longer period of time, rather than at election-day proceedings only considering that elections are composed of a number of integrated building blocks, with different stakeholders interacting and influencing each other. Electoral components and stakeholders do not stand alone. They are interdependent, and therefore the breakdown of one aspect can negatively impact on every other and consequently on the credibility of the election itself.

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